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As part of a general healthy diet, consumption of whole grains is associated with lower risk of several diseases. In a small part of the general population, gluten — proteins found in wheat and related grains [12] — can trigger coeliac disease , non-coeliac gluten sensitivity , gluten ataxia and dermatitis herpetiformis. Whole grain sources include: [1] [11]. Whole grains are a source of multiple nutrients and dietary fiber , recommended for children and adults in several daily servings containing a variety of foods that meet whole grain-rich criteria. By supplying high dietary fiber content, as part of a general healthy diet, consumption of whole grains is associated with lower risk of several diseases, including coronary heart disease , stroke , cancer and type 2 diabetes , with lower all-cause mortality.

In addition, whole-grain consumption is inversely related to hypertension , diabetes , and obesity when compared to refined grains, all of which are negative indicators in total cardiovascular health. As components of breakfast cereals , whole grains are associated with improved micronutrient intake and lower risk of several diseases. Keeping grains as close to their original form as possible slows or prevents the digestion of starch, and a slower digestion is responsible for preventing spikes in blood sugar over time spikes in blood sugar may lead to insulin resistance.

Cereals proteins have low quality, due to deficiencies in essential amino acids , mainly lysine. Manufacturers of foods containing whole grains in specified amounts are allowed a health claim for marketing purposes in the United States, stating: "low fat diets rich in fiber-containing grain products, fruits, and vegetables may reduce the risk of some types of cancer , a disease associated with many factors" and "diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol and rich in fruits, vegetables, and grain products that contain some types of dietary fiber, particularly soluble fiber , may reduce the risk of heart disease, a disease associated with many factors".

In genetically susceptible people, gluten proteins found in wheat , barley , rye , oat , and related species and hybrids [12] can trigger coeliac disease. While coeliac disease is caused by a reaction to wheat proteins, it is not the same as a wheat allergy. In the United States wholegrain products can be identified by the ingredients list. In addition, some food manufacturers make foods with wholegrain ingredients, but, because wholegrain ingredients are not the dominant ingredient, they are not wholegrain products.

Fibre-Rich and Wholegrain Foods - 1st Edition

Contrary to popular belief, wholegrains are not indicative of fiber. The amount of fiber varies from grain to grain, and some products may have things like bran, peas, or other foods added to boost the fiber content. Similar to the distinction between whole and refined grains is that between whole pulses peas, beans, and other related vegetables and refined dal a preparation of pulses or the thick stew prepared from these.

From AACC American Association of Cereal Chemists definition: "Whole grains shall consist of the intact, ground, cracked or flaked caryopsis, whose principal anatomical components - the starchy endosperm, germ and bran - are present in the same relative proportions as they exist in the intact caryopsis. The following names indicate whole-grain products, in accordance with the federal government: [30] [31] [32]. There are multiple grains such as cereal grains e. When wheat is milled to make flour, the parts of the grain are usually separated and then are recombined to make specific types of flour, such as whole wheat, whole grain, white cake and pastry flour, and all-purpose white flour.

If all parts of the kernel are used in the same relative proportions as they exist in the original kernel, then the flour is considered whole grain. The portion of the kernel that is removed for this purpose contains much of the germ and some of the bran.

If this portion of the kernel has been removed, the flour would no longer be considered whole grain. In the UK the legally protected term is wholemeal rather than wholegrain. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The links between wholegrain foods and health, the range of fibre dietary ingredients and a comparison of their technical functionality are discussed, as are consumption and consumer challenges of wholegrain foods.

Part two goes on to explore dietary fibre sources, including wheat and non-wheat cereal dietary fibre ingredients, vegetable, fruit and potato fibres. Improving the quality of fibre-rich and wholegrain foods, including such cereal products as wholegrain bread, muffins, pasta and noodles, is the focus of part three. Fibre in extruded products is also investigated before part four reviews quality improvement of fibre-enriched dairy products, meat products, seafood, beverages and snack foods.

Companion animal nutrition as affected by dietary fibre inclusion is discussed, before the book concludes with a consideration of soluble and insoluble fibre in infant nutrition. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Fibre-rich and wholegrain foods provides a comprehensive guide to the field for researchers working in both the food industry and academia, as well as all those involved in the development, production and use of fibre-enriched and wholegrain foods.

Reviews key research and best industry practice in the development of fibre-enriched and wholegrain products Considers analysis, definition, regulation and health claims associated with dietary fibre and wholegrain foods Explores sources of dietary fibre including: wheat and non-wheat cereal, vegetable, fruit and potato fibres. Passar bra ihop. Recensioner i media. The association of whole grain consumption with incident type 2 diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Ann Epidemiol. Markers of cardiovascular risk are not changes by increased whole grain intake: the WHOLEheart study, a randomized, controlled dietary intervention.

Br J Nutr. A prospective study of whole grain intake and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in U.

16 Easy Ways to Eat More Fiber

Am J Public Health. Liu S. Intake of refined carbohydrate and whole grain foods in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease. J Am Coll Nutr. Short-term effects of whole-grain wheat on appetite and of intake in healthy adults: a pilot study. Whole grain foods do not affect insulin sensitivity or markers of lipid peroxidation and inflammation in healthy, moderately overweight subjects. Effect of increased consumption of whole grain foods on blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk markers in healthy middle-aged persons: a randomized controlled trial.

Whole grain products, fish and bilberries alter glucose and lipid metabolism in a randomized, controlled trial: The Sysdimet Study. Effects of the regular consumption of wholemeal wheat foods on cardiovascular risk factors in healthy people. Borneo R, Leon A. Whole grain cereals: functional components and health benefits. Food Funct.

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Whole grains, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and hypertension: links to the aleurone preferred over indigestible fiber. Fardet A. New hypothesis for the health-protective mechanisms of whole-grain cereals: what is beyond fibre? Nutr Res Rev. Australian dietary guidelines [draft]; Canberra, Australian Capital Territory; [cited Jun 14].

The Austrian Federal Ministry of Health. The Austrian food pyramid. Vienna; [cited Jun 14].

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Are You Getting Enough Fiber in Your Diet?

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Gluten and Health

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