However, Egyptian-Israeli normalization would have to wait until Israel withdrew from all the territories it had conquered in The Israelis responded haltingly, and Nixon and Kissinger made little effort to change their minds.
Miketz- Yair ha-Levi
Thus, he proposed that the United States and the Soviet Union call for an end to the fighting and a return to the ceasefire lines. The Soviets, who were uneager to intervene on behalf of their clients, agreed, but the Egyptians rejected the ceasefire proposal. Wanting to avoid both an Arab defeat and military intervention, the Soviets then began to resupply Egypt and Syria with weapons.
Not wanting to see Israel defeated, Nixon agreed, and American planes carrying weapons began arriving in Israel on October With the American airlift underway, the fighting turned against the Arabs.
Sadat began to show interest in a ceasefire, leading Brezhnev to invite Kissinger to Moscow to negotiate an agreement. When Kissinger returned to the United States, he agreed to a Soviet request to seek another ceasefire resolution, which the Security Council adopted on October Yet the Israelis still refused to stop. By the end of the day, the crisis abated when the Security Council adopted Resolution , which called for a ceasefire, the withdrawal of all forces to their October 22 positions, and U.
The area today known as the Gaza Strip is the mile long, 7-mile wide section of land that runs along the Mediterranean and shares a border with Israel and Egypt.
RLST 145: Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible)
The first historic mention of Gaza is in Genesis of the Hebrew Bible. A strategically important coastal region, throughout history the Gaza Strip fell under the successive rule of various nations , including but not limited to the Philistines, Babylonians, Greeks, Israelites, Romans, Mamluks, and Ottomans under whose sway Gaza remained for four centuries until the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire following World War I.
In accordance with the Sykes-Picot agreement , which dismembered the Ottoman Empire at the end of the war into areas to be administered by Britain and France, the Gaza Strip was placed under British rule. In fact, throughout history Jewish settlement in Gaza followed a pattern of expulsion during times of war and return during peaceful periods.
A large Jewish community reportedly lived in Gaza when Muslims invaded the region in the 7th century, and Spanish and Portuguese Jews were known to have fled to Gaza after the Spanish Inquisition in At the end of the 19th century with the First Aliya , or wave of immigration to Israel, a group of 50 or so Jewish families moved to Gaza City and established good relations with the local Arabs. The Jews returned in , but tensions were simmering with Arab and Jewish feelings of nationalism on the rise.
The plan designated Gaza as Arab territory upon the creation of such a state.
Egyptian forces entered the new state of Israel on May 15 and 16 through the Gaza Strip  and, as the borderline, the spot was often a point of fighting between Israel and Egypt. Kfar Darom had become a kibbutz in the s and during the war its residents defended against the Egyptian army for nearly three months until the Israel Defense Forces IDF ordered its evacuation.
Egypt took control of the Gaza Strip, at which point the area experienced an influx of Palestinian refugees.
forum2.quizizz.com/1001-frases-bsicas-espaol-swahili.php In the summer of , the volatile region again erupted in war and with another Israeli victory the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, among other areas of land, came under Israeli control for the first time. While the Sinai was given back to Egypt after Cairo signed a peace agreement with Israel in , the Strip remained disputed territory under Israeli control. In Gaza, the Israeli government maintained existing structures built by the Egyptian government and developed new projects such as housing districts and power grids.